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Community of Choice... for Business

Why Whitby for Clean Technology?

Whitby offers a number of advantages for companies in the Clean Technology sector. Select one of the links below to learn why Whitby is their Community of Choice for Clean Technology:


Skilled Labour Force

A business location in Whitby provides the opportunity to tap into a highly-talented labour force.

Over 90% of Whitby residents, aged 25-64 years, have a high school certificate, post-secondary diploma or degree. Whitby employers have access to an educated labour force with diverse experience in a range of occupations, and with core competencies in:

  • Energy
  • Technology-based manufacturing
  • Transportation equipment
  • Metal fabrication
  • Machine controls
  • Automation
  • Process engineering
  • Information and communication technologies.

You can read the Toronto Region Geographic Report (PDF, 3,330 kB) from the Toronto Region Research Alliance (TRRA) to access demographics and see the extensive area or labour shed from which Whitby companies are able to draw employees.

Whitby Draws Employees from a Large Area

Click on the image below to open and/or print the map.

Map of Whitby's Labour Shed

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World-Class Education and Training

Employers in Whitby have access to graduates from two local world-class educational institutions specializing in engineering, applied sciences and skilled trades. Both the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Durham College have market-oriented mandates and offer a number of unique programs, relevant to the clean technology sector.

  1. The University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) - offers diverse innovative energy research among many faculties with a focus on improving efficiency and lowering costs through the use of hydrogen, fuel cells, wind turbines and solar energy as alternatives to existing sources. Within the last three years, energy-related projects accounted for 43 per cent ($9.8 million) of UOIT's external research funding.Energy-related programs include:
    • Energy and the Environment
    • Energy Systems Engineering
    • Mechanical Engineering or Mechanical Engineering and Management - both offer a specialization in Energy Engineering
    • Nuclear Engineering or Nuclear Engineering and Management
    • Physics with specialization in Energy and the Environment.
  2. Durham College - has a lead position in skills training programs in renewable energy technologies.

    Energy-related programs at Durham College are designed to respond to the increased demand for knowledgeable graduates who are highly trained in the areas of energy utilization and management; efficient and effective energy use; climate control; renewable energy systems; and cost control in the rapidly growing energy sector. Energy-related programs include:
    • Energy Audit Techniques
    • Renewal Energy Technician
    • Energy Management and Sustainable Building Technology
    • Electronics Engineering Technology
    • Electro-Mechanical Engineering Technology
    • Environmental Technology
    • Chemical Engineering Technology
    • Mechanical Engineering Technology.

A Broader Network from Which to Recruit Talent

Over 30 university and college campuses are within a one hour drive of Whitby, many of which offer programs relevant for employers in the clean technology sector.

Click on the image below to open and/or print the map.

Map showing the distance from Whitby to Major Universities and Colleges

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Unique Facilities for Research and Commercialization

  1. The University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) carries out research in the following key areas:
    • Alternative Energy Systems
    • Energy Efficiency and End Use
    • Nuclear Energy Production
    • Nuclear Risk Management
    • Hybrid and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Technology.

    Partners of UOIT include:

    • Atomic Energy of Canada
    • General Motors of Canada
    • Ontario Power Generation
    • Toyota Motor Corporation
    • Cameco.

    UOIT has several specialized facilities including:

    The Integrated Manufacturing Centre (IMC) is a unique Canadian educational showcase co-located at UOIT and Durham College. The fully automated, industrial-grade, flexible manufacturing facility is capable of fabricating and assembling a wide range of products from raw materials, with limited human intervention. The IMC serves as a model of the new standards in education in the fields of advanced manufacturing, mechatronics and engineering.
    The Automotive Centre of Excellence (ACE) is an advanced centre for research and testing a range of products for manufacturers of all descriptions. This state-of-the-art facility has one of the most sophisticated climatic wind tunnels in the world and offers full climatic, durability and lifecycle testing. The ACE is also large enough to accommodate:

    • Trucks
    • Tandem drive systems
    • Full coach buses
    • Light rail transit
    • Aerospace components
    • Military and agricultural applications
    • Alternative energy systems such as turbines and solar panels
    • Alternative fuel, hybrid and electric vehicles.

    The test facility is owned by UOIT and will operate as an independent test facility available for rent by manufacturers of all descriptions, start-up companies and researchers in Canada and around the globe.

    Features of ACE include:

    • Working area of approximately 16,300 square metres
    • Two distinct areas, a core research facility and an integrated research and training facility
      • The core research facility is a heavy lab area. The climatic wind tunnel has extreme weather capabilities along with a large yawning chassis dynamometer that can, for the first time anywhere, test properties in crosswinds. It also has a solar array to replicate the effects of the sun and is hydrogen-capable, allowing for alternative fuel cell development
      • The integrated research and training facility spans five floors with space dedicated for research, education and training. It has offices, laboratories, conference rooms and common work areas.
    • The Clean Energy Research Centre Laboratory (CERL) is home to the first lab-scale demonstration of a copper-chlorine cycle for thermo-chemical water splitting and nuclear hydrogen production and has a mission to develop clean energy technologies, and move them from laboratory to commercial and industrial application. As a direct result of research led by UOIT, many other countries have started copper-chlorine cycle programs for hydrogen production including France, Romania, England, India and China.
  2. Durham College's Office of Research Services and Innovation works with businesses and industry to provide practical solutions to technical and business challenges, including design work using Unigraphics (3-D drawings). A member of the Colleges Ontario Network for Industry Innovation (CONII), the college offers a rapid prototype machine and plastic injection mould capability. They also do environmental, destructive and non-destructive testing on all prototypes.
    • To illustrate the College's capability, a sample project is the research collaboration with ALX Technical Services (ALX)-Global Earth Products (GEP), an Ontario-based company focused on providing a measurable impact on the improvement and maintenance of earth, air and water quality. The agreement will see the two organizations work together on Paperchipz, a recyclable packaging system prototype that is designed to make natural paper chips for product packaging.
    • The project is being funded through the Applied Research and Commercialization initiative, which is delivered by the Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario (FedDev Ontario). Durham College coordinated the funding.

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Competitive Business Costs

Business costs are lower than most US centres and key competitors. The biggest cost savings include:

  • Skilled Labour Costs
  • Land Prices and Lease Rates
  • Tax Rates


1. Skilled Labour Costs

In KPMG's 2012 survey, The Competitive Alternatives, Canada was ranked the second most cost-effective location among nine established industrial countries studied. Of the G7 countries, Canada had the lowest total labour costs:

  • Total costs per employee are lowest in the United Kingdom, Canada and Italy.  This result reflects in part the weakness of the euro and the British pound.  
  • 9% advantage over the US


2. Land Prices and Lease Rates

Industrial land prices and lease rates are lower than in other areas of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).

Industrial LandApprox. $300,000/acre
65%-70% lower than western/northern GTA areas
(Source: CBRE, Q1 2013)
Industrial Lease RatesApprox. $4.75 lease cost/sq. ft. net
(Source: CBRE, Q1 2013)


3. Tax Rates

Corporate income tax rates (provincial and federal combined) are lower than any US state, Japan or France. Both the federal and Ontario governments have taken steps to reduce corporate income taxes. Capital taxes were eliminated on July 1, 2010.

 Jan 1, 2013Jul 1, 2013
Federal 15% 15%
Provincial11%10%
Combined 26%25%

Source: Ontario Ministry of Finance and Canada Revenue Agency

The 13% Harmonized Sales Tax (HST), introduced in Ontario on July 1, 2010, replaces the federal goods and services tax (GST) and the Provincial Sales Tax (PST). The HST provides tax credits for sales tax paid on many inputs and capital investments, reduces tax compliance costs and taxes that would otherwise have been included in supplier prices.

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Access to High-Speed Broadband

Whitby has numerous wireless and wireline providers including Bell, Rogers and several satellite services providers.

The Eastern Ontario Regional Network (EORN) partners of Bell Canada and Bell Aliant have analyzed and upgraded the network (as needed) at the existing Points of Presence (PoP's) within Durham Region to facilitate the EORN required broadband connectivity.

Whitby broadband node on the EORN has been provided with two diverse links.  This provides survivability, such that if one of the links experiences a failure, the traffic is still able to reach the destination.
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Convenient Transportation Links

Whitby is located in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). The Town's location offers prime access to Canada's largest market of over 6 million people with 120 million more people within a day's drive.

Whitby has an established transportation infrastructure that helps move people and goods throughout the region and beyond.

  • Located on Ontario's Highway 401, the major east-west connection which links to Ontario's networks of highways, railway and air services which are fully integrated with the US. View our map.
  • Highway 407 is being extended to Whitby and will link to Highway 401
  • Good access to seven highway Ontario/US border crossings
  • Less than 1 hour from Toronto's Pearson International Airport, Toronto Island Airport, Oshawa Municipal Airport and future Pickering Airport which support corporate air travel and federal customs services
  • CN and CP mainline rail service
  • Local intermodal rail access
  • Access to three deep-water ports.

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Superior Quality of Life to Attract and Retain Talent

Whitby and Durham Region offer a superior quality of life to attract and retain talent including:

  • 30 minutes from home to the waterfront or from the office to the trails
    (skiing, hiking, snowmobiling)
  • Family-friendly with extensive sports facilities
  • Less than one hour to reach Downtown Toronto with theatres, restaurants
    • GO commuter trains arrive in Whitby approximately every half hour during peak travel times, from Downtown Toronto Union Station
  • Less than one hour to reach airports with access to the US and international destinations.
    • Toronto's Pearson International Airport
    • Toronto's City Centre Airport - convenient access from GO Train.
  • More affordable. Whitby had the lowest median home sale prices when compared to GTA communities to the west and north. On average, detached housing prices in Whitby are 35%-45% lower when compared to neighbouring communities to the north and west.  Source: Toronto Real Estate Board Market Watch, March 2013.
  • Much less traffic and congestion than in other parts of the Greater Toronto Area.

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